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Title: Critical study of vernacular settlement-architecture of Kerala in India and Minangkabau in west Sumatra, Indonesia (Of Societies Practicing Matrilineal Kinship)
Researcher: Indah, Widiastuti
Guide(s): Vedamuthu, Ranee
Keywords: Architecture
Matrilineal Kinship
Upload Date: 27-Jun-2013
University: Anna University
Abstract: The critical study of vernacular settlement architecture is a topic of research that tries to answer whether matrilineal kinship has specific impact on design of settlement and architecture. The cases in Kerala, India and in Minangkabau, Indonesia are done with regard to common social-spatial organization of matrilineal kinship, tropical environment setting and paddy farming main stay. The study is based on the assumption that settlement and architecture are a result of the establishment of dwelling culture where kinship is one factor that establishes a social-spatial organization and, therefore an arrangement of settlement and houses. The concepts of settlement elaborated for the case in Kerala is tara-Nayar, and for the case in Minangkabau is nagari. These settlements are characterized by matrilineal joint family residential compounds, which are called taravad in Kerala and kampung or kaum in Minangkabau. This research is aimed to identify social-spatial organization framework of matrilineal kinship that is able to explain the common and different principles of design of settlement and architecture that occur in both regions. Habitation and dwelling culture of matrilineal society shows that the concept of centre is not rigid and does not appear as a singular apex. Differences take place in varying degree of manifestation of these concepts due to contextual environment, local social history, and intensity of urbanization. Nagari demonstrates, more communal characters which coincides with higher degree of matrilineal characters than in Kerala. Kerala has more urbanized characters and complex historical upheavals that led it to transformations and relocations, including the transformations of clan-based into caste-based society, and inclinations toward more paternal characteristic than Minangkabau.
Pagination: -
Appears in Departments:Faculty of Architecture and Planning

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01_title.pdf25.27 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_certificate.pdf524.97 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_acknowledgements.pdf22.19 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_abstract.pdf19.81 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_contents.pdf39.17 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_list of tables.pdf18.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_list of figures.pdf28.1 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_glossary.pdf39.2 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 1.pdf633.84 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 2.pdf1.84 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 3.pdf14.2 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 4.pdf10.69 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 5.pdf1.71 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 6.pdf192.62 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_chapter 7.pdf58.73 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_references.pdf53.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_appendix.pdf8.83 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
18_list of publications.pdf17.08 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
19_vitae.pdf19.85 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
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