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Title: Initializing Neuro-Fuzzy networks with prior knowledge for computer aided medical diagnosis
Researcher: Latha Parthiban
Guide(s): Subramanian, R
Keywords: Neuro-Fuzzy networks
computer aided medical diagnosis
Artificial Neural Networks
Upload Date: 18-Dec-2012
University: Pondicherry University
Completed Date: February 2010
Abstract: This thesis identifies some of the features and major limitations of current Artificial Neural Network (ANN) architectures and learning laws and explore an efficient method of classification using Coactive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (CANFIS) with genetic optimization for computer aided medical diagnosis. This system improves the initial and evolutional precision of disease identification, reduces the doctors level of ambiguity regarding some diseases, allows monitoring the health status of the patient during new treatment methods, stores images in digital format and generates diagnosis databases that can be used in research, medical practice and specialized teaching. This is a highly important trans-disciplinary topic, combining aspects from bio-systems (human visual system), medical image acquisition and processing, artificial intelligence techniques (neural networks, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms) and information management (databases). The first stage in computer aided medical diagnosis is removal of noise from images. In image de-noising, a compromise has to be achieved between noise reduction and preservation of significant edges, corners and other image details. To achieve shiftinvariance in medical images, Nonsubsampled Contourlet Transform (NSCT) is built upon non-subsampled pyramids and Non-Subsampled Directional Filter Bank (NSDFB) to achieve efficient noise removal. Existing image enhancement methods amplify noise when they amplify weak edges, since they cannot distinguish noise from weak edges. Since weak edges are geometric structures and noise is not, NSCT is used to distinguish them and it is one of the contributions of this thesis in the areaof medical image de-noising. Next stage in computer aided medical diagnosis is to identify the presence of the disease using CANFIS, a hybrid neuro-fuzzy system with multiple inputs and multiple outputs and its parameters are optimized with genetic algorithm.
Pagination: xviii, 181p.
Appears in Departments:Department of Computer Science

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01_title.pdfAttached File53.64 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_certificate.pdf10.67 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_declaration.pdf8.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_acknowledgements.pdf15.05 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_abstract.pdf13.04 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_contents.pdf21.55 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_list of figures.pdf21.32 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_list of tables.pdf19.65 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_list of symbols.pdf15.7 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 1.pdf38.68 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 2.pdf318.69 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 3.pdf41.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 4.pdf1.92 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_chapter 5.pdf1.6 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_chapter 6.pdf19.12 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_references.pdf210.74 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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