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Title: Anthropometric profile and pulmonary functions of bronchial asthma patients
Researcher: Madan, Dimple
Guide(s): Singal, Pushapa
Kaur, Harbans
Keywords: Human Biology
Life Science
Forced Vital Capacity (FVC)
Peak Expiratory Flow Rate
Lung age
Upload Date: 31-Aug-2012
University: Punjabi University
Completed Date: 24 October 2011
Abstract: Asthma is a chronic health problem affecting persons of all ages and has become a major health issue in India. The present study has been conducted to assess anthropometric profile and pulmonary functions of bronchial asthma patients and is based on cross sectional data collected on 403 (216 males, 187 females) bronchial asthma patients and 347 (158 males, 189 females) normal healthy subjects, ranging in age from 20-70+ years from Hoshiarpur district of Punjab. Anthropometric profile of asthma patients was studied by recording 13 anthropometric measurements i.e. weight, linear measurements (stature, sitting height, subischial length), chest width, circumferences (upperarm, chest in males only, waist and hip) and skinfolds (biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac). Body mass index and waist to hip ratio have been derived from these measurements. Body composition i.e. body fat and lean body mass have been calculated by applying equations given by Durnin and Womersley (1974). Pulmonary functions have been assessed using portable electronic Helios- 401 spirometer (Recorders and Medicare Systems, Chandigarh). Eight pulmonary function parameters viz. forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in one second, ratio of forced expiratory volume in one second to forced vital capacity, forced expiratory flow 25-75%, peak expiratory flow rate, forced expiratory volume in three seconds, ratio of forced expiratory volume in three seconds to forced vital capacity and lung age have been recorded on each subject. Asthma patients have been found to be significantly lighter in weight, with lesser values of circumferences and skinfolds. The body fat and lean body mass have also been found to be lesser in patients. All the pulmonary function variables have significantly lower values in patients. In patients, pulmonary functions have been found to improve with increase in BMI even in the category of obese. Increase in waist circumference has also shown positive effect on pulmonary functions in patients.
Pagination: 257p.
Appears in Departments:Department of Human Biology

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01_title.pdfAttached File37.67 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_certificate.pdf1.48 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_declaration.pdf334.07 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_dedication.pdf41.74 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_acknowledgements.pdf589.51 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_contents.pdf19.01 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_list of tables.pdf78.89 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_list of abbreviations.pdf70.4 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_abstract.pdf41.14 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 1.pdf85.95 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 2.pdf163.38 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 3.pdf78.9 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 4.pdf104.23 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_chapter 5.pdf146.88 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_chapter 6.pdf218.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_chapter 7.pdf173.19 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
18_chapter 8.pdf82.48 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
19_references.pdf342.78 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
20_appendix.pdf4.25 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

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