Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10603/3250
Title: A linguistic study of characterisation in the selected novels of Thomas Hardy
Researcher: Aljauba, E E
Guide(s): Patil, Smita
Essam, Ali Ahmed
Keywords: English literature
Thomas Hardy
English language
Upload Date: 8-Nov-2011
University: University of Pune
Completed Date: 27/07/2009
Abstract: According to The American Heritage® Dictionary, ‘Linguistics is the study of the nature, structure and variation of language including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, sociolinguistics and pragmatics.’ As a discipline, it endeavors to study language scientifically. In other words, linguistics is a social science that shares common ground with other social sciences such as, sociology, anthropology, psychology and archaeology. The term ‘linguistics’ was first used in the middle of the 19th century to highlight the difference between a new approach to the study of language and the more traditional approach to philology. It is very important to trace the origin of linguistics and take review of the journey of linguistics. Linguistics has its origin in Iron Age of India with the analysis of Sanskrit. Panini (4th century BC) was an ancient Indian grammarian who studied Sanskrit language scientifically for the first time in the history of all languages. He advocated the correct use of grammar in a sentence. He systematically codified every aspect of spoken communication i.e. tone, gestures, rhetorical devices etc. At the same time, one could trace the development of grammar and logic in the ancient Greek language. Some of the Chinese grammarians began to evolve and develop their own grammar system based on their observation in the 4th century BC. One of the remarkable features of Chinese grammar is that all words have only one grammatical form. The Middle Ages saw the rise of Arabic grammar and Hebrew grammar. Hebrew was the language of the early Jews, but from 586 BC, it started to be replaced by Aramaic as the everyday language of the Jews. Modern linguistics came on the scene in the 18th century. The Arabic script evolved from the Nabataean Aramaic script. It has been used since the 4th century AD. Nevertheless, the earliest document in Arabic, Syriac and Greek, dates back to 512 AD. The study of linguistics reached its heights in the 19th century. The period between the first half of the 20th century witnessed the development of linguistics as a new science.
Pagination: xxi, 267p.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10603/3250
Appears in Departments:Institute of Advanced Studies in English

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01_title.pdfAttached File46.74 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_dedication.pdf37.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_certificate.pdf46.07 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_declaration.pdf46.43 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_acknowledgements.pdf94.9 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_table of contents.pdf169.25 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_list of abbreviations diagrams & tables.pdf173.05 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_abstract.pdf103.03 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 1.pdf454.74 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 2.pdf416.58 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 3.pdf873.25 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 4.pdf428.03 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 5.pdf114.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_bibliography.pdf203.05 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


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