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dc.description.abstractElectro Magnetic Spectrum (EMS) is a precious natural resource that is getting consumed fast and every Hertz of frequency is being grabbed. Recycling, harmonisation and allotment of whatever is left has become a management challenge for regulatory bodies around the world. Spectrum monitoring is a vital part of spectrum management to keep a check on interference, EIRP compliance and proper utilisation of this limited resource. newlineEffective spectrum monitoring requires sophisticated equipment like Automated Frequency Management System (AFMS). The acquisition of AFMS is difficult to most of the developing countries due to the high cost and non-availability of technology. Thus, there is a compelling need to design an UWB antenna, light in weight with moderate gain to match up with commonly available spectrum analysers, to detect and monitor frequency spectrum. newlineMicrostrip antennas were first conceptualised by Deschamps in 1953 before Munson and Howell practically demonstrated it in 1970s. A microstrip patch antenna is fabricated by etching the antenna element pattern in metal trace, bonded to an insulating dielectric substrate with radiating elements and the feeding mechanism. A single UWB antenna would also avoid the requirement of deploying multiple antennas for the spectrum range. The onerous task of spectrum management can thus be facilitated to a great extent by the proposed single UWB microstrip antenna. newlineThe design feasibility of a microstrip patch antenna capable of operating from a few GHz to 40 GHz and above, with omni-directional radiation patterns and moderate gain to utilise it for spectrum management was explored. Ten (10) different UWB microstrip monopole patch antennas with different radiating patch shapes and sizes have been studied using the finite-element method (FEM) based high-frequency simulation software HFSS V13. All the designs have been simulated and specially optimised for compact size and maximum bandwidth using the HFSS. While the ideal omni-directional monopole characteristics were recorded at lower frequencies of the spectrum, the radiation patterns gradually become directional at the higher frequencies (size of antenna becomes large relative to newlinevi newlinewavelength). Different techniques to improve the bandwidth have been used. These include, change in shapes of a radiating patch, multi-stepped feed network, narrow slot of different shapes into the radiating patch of an antenna and ground plane below the feed network. Comparative performance of the CPW-fed patch antenna and microstrip feed patch antenna was examined in terms of the bandwidth and the radiation patterns at high frequencies. The CPW-fed antenna performed better at higher frequencies despite limitations in copper-etching accuracy. newlineSimulations were validated with actual measurements recorded. Variations in recorded measurements are attributable to the factors such as manufacturing tolerances, undercuts while etching copper at sharp corners, effect of SMA connector at different frequencies and the limitations of the simulation software. Research work carried out during newline
dc.titleInvestigations on Ultra Wideband UWB Monopole Antennas for Spectrum Monitoring
dc.creator.researcherSingh R.K.
dc.subject.keywordAutomated Frequency Management System
dc.subject.keywordEngineering and Technology,Engineering,Engineering Electrical and Electronic
dc.subject.keywordmicrostrip antenna
dc.contributor.guidePujara Dhaval
dc.publisher.universityNirma University
dc.publisher.institutionInstitute of Technology
Appears in Departments:Institute of Technology

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02. certificate.pdf149.05 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
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07_list_of_figures.pdf23.48 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_list_of_tables.pdf242.33 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_list_of_abbreviations.pdf112.07 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_publication_presentation_related_to_this_thesis_work.pdf113.25 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter1.pdf379.32 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter2.pdf2.46 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter3.pdf1.28 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter4.pdf2.7 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_chapter5.pdf293.93 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_references.pdf269.2 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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