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Title: Investigations on common treatment technologies for some biomedical wastes
Researcher: Katoch, Surjit Singh
Guide(s): Kumar, Vineet and Mittal, Susheel
Keywords: Engineering and Technology,Engineering,Engineering Chemical
University: Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology
Completed Date: 2008
Abstract: Biomedical waste is a specific category of waste that is potentially dangerous for spreading infectious diseases in man or animal and is considered as an extreme hazard. Some health care products and practices are harmful to humans and the environment. Infectious waste is produced from hospital and laboratories, physician offices, dental offices, clinics, research laboratories, surgery centers, nursing homes, veterinary offices, funeral homes, and setting where home health care is delivered. It can be the source of diseases like acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), hepatitis, tuberculosis, and other communicable diseases. Inadequate and inappropriate handling of health-care waste may have serious public health consequences and a significant impact on the environment. The increasing usage of highly developed medical devices; drugs and disposable products are a drain on natural resources as well as over burden on waste handling systems. Management plans are required to meet environmental, hygiene and regulatory obligations and to define reference waste products. The plan should incorporate a cradle-to-grave approach to infectious medical wastes, which includes the adoption of standard operating-procedures to address: the generation, segregation, containerization and storage, handling and transportation, treatment, and disposal. This study investigated the influence of the operating parameters on the overall performance of the biomedical waste treatment technologies. Since it is not feasible to build treatment facility in every hospital and clinic, biomedical wastes must be transported to a central treatment facility (CTF), which may be located far away from the health care facilities. This gives rise to CTF location, capacity, problem of optimally planning and scheduling the collection of medical wastes from a disperse group of facilities.
Pagination: xviii, 175p.
Appears in Departments:Department of Chemical Engineering

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