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Guide(s): TONAPE L B
University: Solapur University
Completed Date: 14-08-2015
Abstract: India is a country of about 1.21 billion people. About 68 per cent of India s population lives in rural areas where the main occupation is agriculture. Indian agriculture is characterized by small farm holdings. The average farm size is only 1.57 hectares. Around 93 per cent of farmers have land holdings smaller than 4 ha and they cultivate nearly 55 per cent of the arable land. Agriculture is one of the oldest and most significant occupations of man. Development of agriculture is an important for economy of any country, because it is a primary sector of the economy which provides basic ingredients, necessary for the existence of mankind. In India, agriculture is a major source of economy. Its contributes more than one-third of total national income and gives direct employment to about 70 per cent of the total population of rural areas. Agricultural transformation and its development are multidimensional in nature. It includes a variety of aspects like agricultural land utilisation, intensity of cropping, crop productivity, crop concentration, crop diversification, crop combination, commercialization of agriculture, nature of agrarian relationship, and maintenance of ecological balance and so on. Agriculture plays an essential role in the process of economic development of less developed countries like India. Agricultural development is an integral part of overall economic development. In India, agriculture is the main source of national income and occupation. Agriculture and allied activities have contributed nearly 50 per cent to India s national income. Around 68 per cent of total working population was engaged in agriculture and related activities. All these confirm that Indian economy is primarily based on agriculture and it has been socio-economically much behind many countries of the developed world. newline
Appears in Departments:Department of Geography

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09_chapter 2.pdf3.33 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 3.pdf4.17 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 4.pdf4.72 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 5.pdf3.47 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 6.pdf2.39 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 7.pdf2.18 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_chapter 8.pdf255.3 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_schedule.pdf367.47 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_bibliography.pdf216.93 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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