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Title: Synthesis and characterization of Copper Oxide and Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles for the development of Nanofinished antimicrobial cotton medical textiles
Researcher: Anita S
Guide(s): Ramachandran, T.
Keywords: Copper Oxide, Zinc Oxide, Nanoparticles
Upload Date: 5-Aug-2013
University: Anna University
Completed Date: 
Abstract: With the advent of nanoscience and technology, a new area has developed in the area of textile finishing called quotNanofinishingquot. In this research work the zinc oxide / copper oxide nanoparticles are imparted to the cotton fabrics to give antimicrobial finish. The research work was carried out in seven phases. Initially 100% cotton, bleached, mercerized, woven and knitted fabrics were selected for this research work. Woven fabrics used for various experiments were plain, honeycomb and twill weave and the knitted fabrics used were single jersey, double jersey and pique fabric. In the first step the antibacterial activity of various agents such as zinc oxide, commercial antibacterial agents and citric acid were tested. In the second phase nanoparticles zinc /copper oxide prepared by means of the wet chemical method were characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy. In the third step the antibacterial property of the nano particles finished fabrics were tested and compared with zinc nitrate and zinc oxide coated bulk control fabrics. The finished fabrics were tested for their antibacterial activity and the best finishing condition was standardized. Best results were noticed on plain weave cotton fabric and the characteristics of the nanoparticle finish on the fabric were tested using FTIR analysis, SEM analysis. In the fifth phase zinc and copper nano particles were microencapsulated and nanoencapsulated and finished over the fabrics to increase the wash durability of the finish. It was noticed that the fabric finished with nanocapsulated copper nanoparticles exhibited greater antibacterial resistance compared to nanocapsulated zinc nanoparticles. The main objective of this research is to impart antimicrobial finish to cotton fabrics and to produce medical apparel from the finished fabrics. Thus the present study provided different products of medical importance, which could be used in different medical and healthcare applications. newline
Pagination: xxviii, 190
Appears in Departments:Faculty of Science and Humanities

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01_title.pdfAttached File34.17 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_certificates.pdf1.05 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_abstract.pdf17.45 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_acknowledgement.pdf12.68 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_contents.pdf60.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_chapter 1.pdf37.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_chapter 2.pdf254.59 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_chapter 3.pdf215.36 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 4.pdf4.87 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 5.pdf1.52 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapte 6.pdf325.42 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 7.pdf22.04 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_appendices 1 and 2.pdf1.21 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_references.pdf33.49 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_publications.pdf13.76 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_vitae.pdf12.22 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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