Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Generation of Electricity from Waste Using Microbial Fuel Cell
Researcher: Deval Animesh Sunil
Guide(s): Dikshit Anilkumar
Keywords: ADDW
Microbial Fuel Cells
University: Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies
Completed Date: 2014
Abstract: Environmental issues related to energy and waste, are the two biggest problems which cannot be overlooked. There is mismanagement of waste which is causing irreversible damage to the environment. For energy, there is still very much dependency on non-renewable sources. The demand of energy is such that, there is a need to promote energy production from renewable sources. These two environmental concerns can be handled in one go by Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC). MFC is a device which converts chemical energy from organic matter directly into electrical energy using microorganisms as catalyst. newlineIn this study, two chambered MFC was constructed and validated using artificial wastewater. Anaerobically digested distillery wastewater (ADDW) is the wastewater generated after biogas formation was used to extract further energy using endogenous microflora. Mixed consortia over isolated colonies showed generation of electricity from ADDW. Effect of various parameters like surface area of electrodes, pH of feed, aeration at cathode, resistance and concentration of antifoam were studied. Increase in bubble formation is known to increase the electrical resistance and hence study of effect of antifoam was thought to be important. The optimization of MFC was performed using Box-Behnken Design. Surface area of cathode of 18.42 cm2, pH of 8.3, resistance of 1000 and#937; without addition of antifoam and aeration at cathode were found to be optimum. Surface area of anode showed linear increase in the power generation from 6.14 cm2 to 55.26 cm2. The power output of optimized MFC was amplified by keeping 4 MFCs in series, which could generate about 2.1 V and sufficient to glow LED. newline
Appears in Departments:Department of Biological Sciences

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
00. title page.pdfAttached File104.56 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
01. declaration by the student.pdf86.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02. certificate.pdf86.78 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03. acknowledgement.pdf33.74 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04. abstract.pdf90.34 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05. contents.pdf102.86 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06. list of figure.pdf187.99 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07. list of tables.pdf170.78 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08. chapter 1.pdf301.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09. chapter 2.pdf577.15 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10. chapter 3.pdf521.79 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11. chapter 4.pdf398.82 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12. chapter 5.pdf966.61 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13.chapter 6.pdf2.54 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
14. chapter 7.pdf125.86 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15. reference.pdf241.75 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in Shodhganga are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Altmetric Badge: