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Title: Study of selected indigenous medicinal plants bearing Sesquiterpene Lactones for anticancer activity in Human Breast Cancer Cells
Researcher: Naseer M
Guide(s): Pai, K Sreedhara Ranganath
Udupa, N
Keywords: Medicinal Plants
Cancer Chemotherapy
Breast cancer
Withania Somnifera
Tinospora Cordifolia
Cancer Stem Cells
Bio-Activity Guided Isolation
Sesquiterpene Lactones
Upload Date: 21-Jan-2013
University: Manipal University
Completed Date: 04/09/2012
Abstract: The current study investigated cytotoxicity and apoptotic activities selected indigenous medicinal plant extracts belonging to Withania somnifera of the family Solanacea and Tinospora cordifolia of the family Menispermacea in human breast cancer cells. Results revealed that ethanolic extracts of Withania somnifera and Tinospora cordifolia possessed dose-dependent cytotoxicity, induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in human breast cancer cells. The current study also investigated anti-cancer stem cells activity of selected medicinal plants. First, we established a side population (SP) analysis-based bioactivity guided assay for the isolation of phytochemicals targeting cancer stem cells. Treatment with doxorubicin, a widely used cancer chemotherapeutic drug, enriched for SP. This is consistent with the cancer stem cell hypothesis that predicts that current chemotherapeutic drugs reduce the burden of tumor, but leave behind the cancer stem cells population. However, we found that the ethanolic extracts of Tinospora cordifolia, significantly inhibited the SP phenotype. Bioactivity (based on anti-SP activity) guided isolation of Tinospora cordifolia extracts lead to the isolation of four compounds viz., TCD5-F2-C (TC-A), TCD5-F3-B (TC-B), TC-D4-A2 (TC-C) and TC-D3-A2 (TC-D) having potential anti-cancer activity. Elucidation of mechanisms of action revealed that these compounds inhibited cancer cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells. The compounds also found to have cancer stem cell specific anticancer activity mediated via inhibition of side population, CD44 high CD24 low population, breast cancer spheres and cancer stem cell enriched cell line (NBLE CD44+/CD24-). Moreover, these compounds inhibited multidrug resistant (MDR) transporters, ABCB1, ABCG2 and ABCC1 suggesting that it may work as MDR modulators. Among all the four compounds investigated for anticancer activity, TC-B was found to have most potent activity.
Pagination: 228p.
Appears in Departments:Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences

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01_title.pdfAttached File37.89 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_certificate & declarations.pdf288.19 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_acknowledgement.pdf38.53 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_list of tables figures & abbreviations.pdf116.96 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_contents.pdf64.69 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_abstract.pdf87.78 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_chapter 1.pdf48.69 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_chapter 2.pdf351.38 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 3.pdf793.83 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 4.pdf1.27 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 5.pdf983.86 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 6.pdf2.25 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 7.pdf6.79 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 8.pdf753.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_summary and conclusion.pdf57.68 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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