Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10603/6579
Title: Cosmic considerations in Megalithic architecture: an investigation into possible astronomical Intent in the design and layout of Megalithic Monuments with a view to understanding Megalithic Knowledge Systems
Researcher: Menon, Srikumar M
Guide(s): Vahia, Mayank N
Sudhakara G
Keywords: Byse
Aaraga Gate
Archaeoastronomy
Megaliths
Menhir
Stone alignment
Solstices
Lunistices
Nilaskal
Mumbaru
Upload Date: 21-Jan-2013
University: Manipal University
Completed Date: 04/12/2012
Abstract: This thesis examines the megalithic monuments of peninsular India commonly accepted as belonging to the south Indian Iron Age (roughly 1200BC 500BC), for intentional alignments of the whole monuments or design components to points of astronomical interest on the local horizon. This is in order to understand the level of intellectual development and status of knowledge systems extant among the cultures that authored these monuments, which is not revealed by conventional archaeological examination of the material culture of these peoples. The methodology employed was to arrive at a shortlist of megalithic monuments/sites to be visited from extensive survey of the available literature and conduct reconnaissance surveys of these. In all 33 sites (20 in Karnataka, 8 in Kerala, 3 in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and 1 in Tamil Nadu) were visited. Of these, orientation surveys were carried out at 12 sites, partial surveys at 4 sites and complete surveys at another 4 sites. The sepulchral/memorial megaliths were found to have different orientational practices in different regions. We have recorded sites with no preferred orientation, exclusively south-facing monuments and others that showed a preference for east/west facing orientations. We have proposed, based on stylistic chronology of the monuments, that the earliest megalithic types had no preferred orientations to cardinal directions or were exclusively north-south oriented. The later, architecturally more developed monuments preferred east-west orientations. However, it is the study of the non-sepulchral megalith type called menhirs/alignments (or avenues) that yielded the main result of this investigation. We have found that there is a unique megalithic avenue type monument in southern coastal Karnataka consisting of several menhirs (either quarried slabs or natural boulders of elongated cross-sections) that are erected on end in specific patterns that are aligned to the extreme rising/setting points of the Sun and Moon on the local horizon.
Pagination: 236p.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10603/6579
Appears in Departments:Manipal Centre for Natural Sciences

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01_title.pdfAttached File212.38 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_dedication.pdf307.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_certificate.pdf156.25 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_abstract.pdf176.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_declaration.pdf143.04 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_acknowledgements.pdf202.94 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_contents.pdf154.94 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_list of figures.pdf278.74 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 1.pdf1.66 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 2.pdf1.22 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 3.pdf2.22 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 4.pdf2.63 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapetr 5.pdf9.02 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 6.pdf2.67 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_summary.pdf197.62 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_references.pdf189.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_bibliography.pdf208.14 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


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