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Title: Biochemical markers in Alzheimer s disease
Researcher: Ben Sundra Ashok
Guide(s): Vasudevan D
Keywords: Alzheimer?s disease
Upload Date: 5-Sep-2012
University: Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute
Completed Date: 2008
Abstract: Alzheimer?s disease (AD) is a severe neurodegenerative disease with a characteristic progressive decline in cognitive functions and dementia. It is believed that the majority of all AD patients are affected by the sporadic form, caused by the combined effects of several risk factors. Currently there exists no simple test or biological markers that could detect AD cases, and the definite diagnosis of AD is based on histopathological evidence obtained from autopsy. This thesis deals with the problem of finding reliable biochemical markers in the peripheral venous blood. Increasing evidence suggests that abnormal processing of amyloid precursor protein and oxidative stress may play an important role in the pathogenesis of AD. The present study characterizes the usefulness of systemic oxidative stress, platelet amyloid precursor protein ratio, plasma and red blood cells beta amyloid (Aand#946; 1-42) levels in the diagnosis of AD and to monitor the progression of the disease. The biochemical markers were quantified in the lymphocytes, red newlineblood cells, platelets and plasma of probable/possible sporadic AD patients and non demented age matched healthy controls. There was a significant increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) newlineproduction in lymphocytes, coupled with increase in erythrocyte antioxidant enzymatic activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidise in AD. In parallel to increase in ROS, measurement of 8-0HdG as an index of DNA damage revealed a significantly higher level in AD. The present study also found that the plasma glutathione redox system is also affected as reduced glutathione (GSH) were significantly lower in AD; conversely oxidised glutathione (GSSG) levels were significantly elevated and the GSH/GSSG molar ratio was found to be low in AD The present study also found a reduction in platelet APP ratio. The magnetitude of the APP ratio reduction is proportional to the severity of the cognitive loss in AD.
Pagination: 95p.
Appears in Departments:Medical College

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
01_title.pdfAttached File758.39 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_dedication & acknowledgements.pdf120.6 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_declaration.pdf100.12 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_list of abbreviations.pdf133.04 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_contents.pdf143.64 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_abstract.pdf85.22 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_chapter 1.pdf372.36 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_chapter 2.pdf480.14 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 3.pdf474.51 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 4.pdf413.61 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 5.pdf106.74 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_references.pdf192.88 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_annexure.pdf92.58 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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