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Title: Studies on some biophysical aspects of human renal excretory fluid
Researcher: Ahmad, Syed Ismail
Guide(s): Ahmad, Adeel
Bellubbi, B S
Keywords: Physics
Upload Date: 3-Sep-2012
University: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University
Completed Date: August 2010
Abstract: In this thesis, the biophysical properties of human renal excretory fluid i.e. urine has been studied in both in vitro and in vivo. The urine is a bio fluid; the metabolic wastes in the human body are excreted in the form of urine. The urine is studied extensively by physiologist, bio-chemists, and bio-medical engineers. But it has not drawn much attention of physicists. The application of concepts, principles and techniques of physics for the solution of problems in biology at different levels of complexity to get internal picture is drawing the attention of many researchers. The aim of the thesis is to develop these ideas at molecular level by studying the biophysical properties of human urine at different physiological conditions. In this thesis the physical properties of urine such as specific gravity, refractive index, viscosity, surface tension, pH, electrical conductivity and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy has been studied for both normal subjects and physiological disorders. In this thesis brief information of kidney parts and their function, urine formation, Physico-chemical properties and microscopic examination is discussed. The theoretical aspect of the physical properties under investigation and FT-IR spectroscopy is discussed. The techniques - capillary rise method, surface tension, Ostwald viscometer, Abbe?s refractometer for refractive index are used. The electrical conductivity is measured by conductivity meter of cellconstant 1 and specific gravity of urine by specific gravity bottle. The FT-IR spectra for urinary sample are recorded on Advanced Thermo Nicolet Nexus 670. The physical properties of urine of normal subjects of different age groups of both first morning and randomly collected are studied and compared. The physical properties are found for normal urine samples of four subjects treated with glucose, urea, albumin and bilirubin at different concentration levels, pathological urine samples of diabetic mellitus and chronic kidney disease.
Pagination: 222p.
Appears in Departments:Department of Physics

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File Description SizeFormat 
01_title.pdfAttached File146.69 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_dedication.pdf80.65 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_declaration.pdf115.95 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_certificates.pdf120.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_acknowledgements.pdf108.53 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_abstract.pdf124.47 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_out line.pdf121.58 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_table of contents.pdf121.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_list of figures.pdf178.01 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_list of tables.pdf147.04 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_list of publications and presentations.pdf128.76 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 1.pdf526.97 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 2.pdf774.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 3.pdf328.97 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_chapter 4.pdf1.99 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_chapter 5.pdf183.47 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_references.pdf143.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
18_synopsis.pdf187.55 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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