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Title: Catabolism of pyrazine-2-carboxylate by a newly isolated strain of Stenotrophomonas sp. HCU1
Researcher: Rajini, K S
Guide(s): Ramana, Ch Venkata
Keywords: Plant Science
Upload Date: 7-May-2012
University: University of Hyderabad
Completed Date: May 2009
Abstract: Pyrazines (1,4-nitrogen substituted benzenes) have near ubiquitous biological distribution and are also anthropogenic. Despite their wide occurrence and vast applications, their bacterial degradation studies are limited and hence, it was of interest to isolate a bacterium and study its potential to catabolize pyrazine-2- carboxylate, which was the objective of the thesis. A bacterium (strain HCU1) capable of metabolizing pyrazine-2-carboxylate was selected from the 50 screened isolates and its affiliation to the genus Stenotrophomonas was indicated by its polyphasic characterization. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain HCU1 closely clustered with the type strain of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (98.7% sequence similarity). Growth of Stenotrophomonas sp. HCU1 and ring reduction of pyrazine-2-carboxylate was demonstrated when pyrazine-2-carboxylate was used as a sole source of carbon, nitrogen and supplement. Ring reduction of pyrazine-2-carboxylate was observed with both growing and resting cells of Stenotrophomonas sp. HCU1. Out of 4 metabolites isolated from the culture supernatant of Stenotrophomonas sp. HCU1; two (1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyrazine-2-carboxylate, 2-amino-2-hydroxy-3- (methylamino) propanoic acid were characterized based on UV, IR, 1H, 13C NMR and mass spectroscopic analyses. Based on the masses of the identified metabolites a putative reductive pathway of pyrazine-2-carboxylate catabolism is proposed. A ~65kDa enzyme catalyzed the reduction of pyrazine-2- carboxylate to 1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyrazine-2-carboxylate and the enzyme also had a broad substrate specificity for other N-heterocyclic compounds.
Pagination: 136p.
Appears in Departments:Department of Plant Sciences

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01_title.pdfAttached File67.38 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_certificate.pdf56.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_declaration.pdf56.01 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_acknowledgements.pdf52.34 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_dedication.pdf64.07 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_abbreviations.pdf36.39 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_contents.pdf39.17 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_abstract.pdf54.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 1.pdf813.88 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 2.pdf403.62 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 3.pdf2.3 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 4.pdf219.89 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 5.pdf73.28 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_references.pdf304.33 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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