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Title: Evaluation of key regulatory elements in cholesterol homeostasis and their clinical relevance in colorectal cancer
Researcher: Sharma, Bhoomika
Guide(s): Agnihotri, Navneet; Vaiphei, Kim and Gupta, Vikas
Keywords: Cholesterol homeostasis
Colorectal Cancer
Life Sciences
University: Panjab University
Completed Date: 2019
Abstract: Metabolic reprogramming is now considered one of the hallmarks of cancer. Rewiring of lipid metabolism has been reported to be newlineassociated with carcinogenesis. Cholesterol, an important class of newlinelipids, is a vital for maintaining normal cell physiology.Accumulation of cholesterol in tumor cells is now a well established newlinefact. Numerous in vitro studies suggested the role of various cholesterol regulators in CRC. However, the clinical relevance of newlinethese regulators is not completely understood. In the present study, newlinewe evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic value of the cholesterol homeostasis modulators by analyzing their mRNA and miRNA expression in the CRC patient samples. The expression of LDLR, SREBP2 and LXRs was also analyzed by Western Blotting. The increased tumoral expression of LDLR and SREBP2 and decreased tumoral expression of LXRs in in early stage suggested the newlineimportance of cholesterol uptake and efflux as initial events in cancer. Cholesterol homeostasis proteins also correlated with other known tumor biomarkers. SREBF2, NR1H3 and NR1H2 exhibited the potential to discriminate the tumor and normal tissue specimens. miR-144-3p and miR-663b exhibited the potential to discriminate the newlineearly and late stage patients. Survival analysis revealed that HMGCR, NR1H3, NR1H2 could predict the patient outcome in various clinical subgroups of CRC patients but failed to be used as independent newlineprognostic markers. However, their combinatorial gene expression had the potential to be used as the prognostic markers. Thus, the present study suggested that the key modulators of cholesterol newlinehomeostasis are deregulated in CRC patients. As these regulators are newlinederegulated in early stages, these findings may provide novel leads in the development of biomarkers and therapeutic regimens that can detect and target CRC at initial stages. newline
Pagination: 158p.
Appears in Departments:Department of Biotechnology

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01_title.pdfAttached File16.31 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_certificate.pdf692.79 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_acknowledgement.pdf25.02 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_table of contents.pdf10.59 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_list of figures.pdf198.8 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_list of tables.pdf92.1 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_abbreviations.pdf87.81 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_chapter1.pdf126.84 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter2.pdf989.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter3.pdf353.83 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter4.pdf1.66 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter5.pdf146.7 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_summary and conclusion.pdf51.61 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_references..pdf324.6 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_appendix.pdf96.13 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
80_recommendation.pdf51.61 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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