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Title: Articulation errors of consonants among punjabi children
Researcher: Dharam Vir
Guide(s): Singh, Joga
Gupta, A K
Keywords: Linguistics, Articulation errors, Punjabi Children
Upload Date: 25-Aug-2011
University: Punjabi University
Completed Date: 29-04-2010
Abstract: Communication involves exchange of information between two or more organisms. All living organisms communicate in one way or the other. However, it is the humans who have the privilege of using the system of arbitrary symbols. Most of the people are able to comprehend and express their messages through a common code system. Auditory-vocal form of expressing and comprehending languages is the most widely utilized mode, which is commonly referred to as ‘Speech’. A person with an articulation problem is one whose production of phoneme varies too widely from the average values. When he attempts to utter a standard phoneme, he makes it so differently that it sounds too different. This difference interferes with communication (Van Riper, 1984). Punjabi (also written as Panjabi) is a member of the Indo- Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. Eastern Punjabi is spoken as a first language primarily in the State of Indian Punjab by 27 million people (Ethnologue). We need to develop a specific tool to access the prevalence of such errors/defects among children and adult population.
Pagination: 216p.
Appears in Departments:Department of Linguistics and Punjabi Lexicography

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02_certificate.pdf103.68 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_declration.pdf103.69 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_acknowledgements.pdf112.45 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_abstract.pdf74.02 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_index.pdf64.13 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_chapter 1.pdf296.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_chapter 2.pdf138.35 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 3.pdf67.7 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 4.pdf198.87 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 5.pdf82.62 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 6.pdf370.65 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 7.pdf918.85 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 8.pdf120.36 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_bibliography.pdf105.84 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
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