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Title: Studies on microbial degradation of biological wastes for production of polyhydroxyalkanoates
Researcher: Kumar, Tarika
Guide(s): Kalia, V C
Keywords: Biology, Genomics, Integrative Biology, Biological Wastes, Polyhydroxyalkanoates
Upload Date: 17-Aug-2011
University: University of Pune
Completed Date: July, 2008
Abstract: Microbes isolated from diverse environmental sources such as contaminated food, nitrogen rich soil, tannery wastewaters, soils from high altitude, activated sludges from effluent treatment plants dealing with pesticide and oil refineries were found to belong to Bacillus, Bordetella, Anoxybacillus, Myroides, Alcaligenes, Marinobacter, Halomonas, Proteus and Pseudomonas sp. on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. More than hundred microbial isolates were screened out of which 60 isolates had the ability to produce polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) from 15 to 565 mg/liter of medium, equivalent to a yield of 2 to 67%. The highest PHB yield of 67% was recorded with Bacillus cereus strain EGU3. Six selected strains were tested for their abilities to produce polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) from different sugars and biowaste (Pea-shells). These Bacillus strains with the ability to grow on different sugars (1% w/v) were shown to produce PHB from GM2 medium supplemented at the rate of 1% (w/v) with glucose (up to 435 mg PHB/L; 31 to 62% w/w), fructose (up to 385 mg PHB/L; 2 to 75% w/w), maltose (up to 220 mg PHB/L; 12 to 48% w/w), sucrose (up to 170 mg PHB/L; 12 to 35% w/w), however, no PHB production could be detected on lactose. Out of these 6 Bacillus strains, Bacillus cereus EGU44 and B. thuringiensis EGU45 could convert a combination of biowaste (pea-shell slurry, 2% Total Solids) and GM2 medium (in 1:1 ratio, v/v) supplemented with casein enzyme hydrolysate (as additional nitrogen source) in to 945 to 1205 mg PHB/L (53 to 65% w/w). Optimization for different parameters revealed that an incubation period of 72 h, nitrogen source supplement at the rate of 0.04% and inoculum size of 100 μg cell protein/ml of biowaste : medium (BW:M :: 1:1) resulted in further improvement with a final production of 3010 to 3370 mg PHB/L, equivalent to 300 g/Kg biowaste (dry weight). This is the first report on usage of pea-shells as feed for PHB production. Six distinct strains produced polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) on GM2 medium supplemented with 5 different sugars at the rate of 1% (w/v): up to 87% w/w on glucose, up to 50% w/w on fructose, up to 34% w/w on maltose, up to 36% w/w on sucrose and up to 54 % w/w on lactose.
Pagination: 138p.
Appears in Departments:Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology

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01_title.pdfAttached File93.29 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_certificate.pdf94.27 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_declaration.pdf113.75 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_acknowledgements.pdf151.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_contents.pdf100.55 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_list of tables.pdf97.35 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_list of figures.pdf95.37 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_abstract.pdf106.97 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_list of abbreviation.pdf94.15 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 1.pdf239.7 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 2.pdf746.93 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 3.pdf325.53 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 4.pdf417.94 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 5.pdf81.63 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_references.pdf199.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_appendices.pdf186.67 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_publications.pdf158.88 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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