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Title: Genetic predisposition to leprosy: a study of park2-pacrg gene regulatory region in Indian population
Researcher: Chopra, Rupali
Guide(s): Bamezai, R N K
Keywords: Biotechnology
Indian population
Upload Date: 4-Jul-2014
University: Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University
Completed Date: 2013
Abstract: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium Leprae where host genetic background plays an important role toward the disease pathogenesis. Various studies have identified a number of human genes in association with leprosy or its clinical forms. However, non-replication of the results has hinted at the heterogeneity among associations between different population groups; which could be due to differently evolved LD structures and differential frequencies of SNPs within the studied regions of the genome. A need for systematic and saturated mapping of the associated regions with the disease is warranted to unravel the observed heterogeneity in different populations. Understanding the importance of the PARK2 / PACRG genes in the biology of the disease and the assumption that there could be a difference in the LD structure and the distribution pattern of the SNPs within the regulatory region of the two genes in the populations showing heterogeneity in association, we saturated the region with 96 SNPs with a resolution of 1 SNP per Kb for the PARK2 regulatory region and compared the LD structure between the Indian and Vietnamese population. The results showed the association of 11 significant SNPs with Leprosy in the North Indian population, which was replicated in a geographically distinct population from Orissa in eastern India. A comparison of the 36 common SNPs between Indian and Vietnamese population for the region, generated different BIN structures in the two populations. The 20 significant SNPs in Vietnamese population could not be replicated in Indians, suggesting the heterogeneity in association in the two unrelated populations of the world. Also, the analysis of 2 common significant SNPs in-between Indian and Vietnamese populations, failed to show any functional significance in in-vitro reporter (luciferase) expression profiles obtained for the alternative variants. The remaining 4 SNPs out of common 36 SNPs were significantly associated only in Indian population. To find out if there was any other functional SNP in Indian population which explained the heterogeneity among the populations; we selected most significant SNPs located within 63.8kb upstream of PARK2 gene to study their enhancer like activity. The expression profile established the functional importance of these SNPs which were observed in strong association in two distinct and unrelated population groups. ABSTRACT Comparison of BIN structure generated for the Indian population and Vietnamese population revealed differences in the BINs. Thus, explaining the heterogeneity and the reason for non- replication of the associated genomic regions in different populations.
Pagination: 155p.
Appears in Departments:School of Biotechnology

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02_declaration.pdf48.95 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_abstract.pdf73.56 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_contents.pdf108.23 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_list of figures and tables.pdf71.2 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_acknowledgement.pdf82.21 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_abbreviations.pdf110.88 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_chapter 1.pdf176.29 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 2.pdf1.38 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 3.pdf1.49 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 4.pdf1.44 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 5.pdf147.53 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_conclusion.pdf74.68 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_bibliography.pdf131.32 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_publications.pdf2.4 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

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