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Title: Micropropagation and antidiabetic effect of andrographis lineata wall. Ex. nees - an endemic medicinal plant
Researcher: Sudarshana Deepa V
Guide(s): Sureshkumar P
Keywords: Ancient folklore medicine
Andrographis lineata
Antidiabetic effect
Endemic medicinal plant
Kolli hills
Mechanical Engineering
Upload Date: 6-Mar-2014
University: Anna University
Completed Date: 01/12/2011
Abstract: Andrographis lineata Wall.ex.Nees an endemic medicinal plant of South India has been widely used as an ancient folklore medicine for the treatment of diabetes by the tribal s of Kolli hills of Nammakal district, Tamilnadu, India. Till now there was no scientific documentation pertaining to the active principle for its antidiabetic effect. Hence, an attempt was made to scientifically investigate the diabetic potentiality of this medicinal herb. To avoid batch to batch variation and to obtain uniform characteristic features of the plant material (phytochemicals), micropropagation techniques was employed. BAP (1.5 mg/l) supplemented with AdS (30 mg/l) produced maximum number of shoots with 25.7±0.11 shoots/explant in the shoot tip explants where as the nodal explants produced only 15.0±0.19 shoots/explant. The juvenile in vitro regenerated shoots were elongated in the MS medium containing GA3 (0.3 mg/l). The elongated in vitro shoots were rooted in IBA (1.0 mg/l). Later the plantlets were hardened and transferred to green house at 70% survival rate. The micropropagated plant was confirmed for its genetic stability using RAPD primers namely, OPA-7 and OPA-10. The best solvent system for maximum extraction of phytochemicals was observed in ethanolic leaf extract (EtALL). The qualitative and quantitative analysis revealed the presence of potent phytochemicals for antioxidant and antidiabetic activities. The ethanolic leaf extract was subjected to in vitro antioxidant studies (DPPH, lipid peroxide, superoxide, nitric oxide and reducing power ability assays) which exhibited increased scavenging activity in dose dependent manner. There was a profound antidiabetic effect observed in in vitro model systems such as -glucosidase, insulin mimicking and sensitization (3T3-L1 cell line). Streptozotocin (40 mg/kg b.w.) was used to induce diabetes in rats.
Pagination: xxiii,172p.
Appears in Departments:Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

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05_contents.pdf55.03 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
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07_chapter2.pdf501.5 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_chapter3.pdf74.79 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter4.pdf4.21 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter5.pdf28.81 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_references.pdf150.03 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_publications.pdf7.51 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_vitae.pdf5.48 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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