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Title: British policy towards the Red Sea and Persian Gulf, 1757-1914
Researcher: Neelofar Firdous
Guide(s): Iftikhar Ahmad Khan
Keywords: History
British policy
Red Sea
Upload Date: 2-Dec-2013
University: Aligarh Muslim University
Completed Date: 2011
Abstract: The present work deals with the study of British policy towards the Red Sea and Persian Gulf during the Period 1757-1914 AD. This period is significant in view of Britain s influence over both the above channels of commerce, navigation and her hold on its Indian colony. The region lay between England and India and Britain s other eastern possession. This work has been divided into seven chapters. Chapter one relates to geopolitical and commercial significance of the Red Sea and Persian Gulf. It also broadly deals with the physical features, land masses and the structural outlook of Middle Eastern region, taking into account the strategic and commercial importance of ports, harbours, the Gulf of Oman etc. From this survey, it appears that European powers which had hold over Persian Gulf and Red sea channels were bound, sooner or later, to have control over the economically rich countries of the Middle East. Due to this, British alone were not the only trading and the imperial nation as the French, Russia and Germany too were very active in that region. Before embarking upon colonising and establishing hold over the two channels and the other strategic points in the region, British initiated a process of building influence and concluding agreements which other European powers also followed. This chapter also discusses expansion of wahhabis as a local regional power in 2nd half of the 18th century down to the turn of the 19th century. They extended their hold over Iraq, Mesopotamia, Syria and Hejaz. Mohammad Ali Pasha of Egypt, however, was induced to suppress them by force. Since the early 18th century Britain s all out endeavour was to maintain control over the sea route from the Persian Gulf to the Indian Ocean, not to mention the commercial interest in the Persian Gulf region only. Piratical activities supposedly encouraged by Wahhabis led Britain to make bilateral agreement with rulers of the Gulf states including Saudi Arabia and Wahhabis.
Pagination: 243p.
Appears in Departments:Department of History

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
01_certificate.pdfAttached File12.36 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_acknowledgements.pdf35.79 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_contents.pdf7.81 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_dedication.pdf12.24 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_abbreviations.pdf3.08 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_abstract.pdf73.44 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_introduction.pdf73.94 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_chapter 1.pdf202.52 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 2.pdf192.96 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 3.pdf267.55 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 4.pdf164.09 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 5.pdf204.86 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 6.pdf243.52 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 7.pdf61.33 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_conclusion.pdf65.31 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_maps.pdf1.01 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_bibliography.pdf94.93 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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