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Title: An investigation on pesticide residue in soil and water with particular reference to Carbofuran in Wayanad District, Kerala
Researcher: Devasia, M J
Guide(s): Madhu, G
Keywords: persistence
environmental pollution
pesticide metabolites
Upload Date: 26-Nov-2013
University: Mahatma Gandhi University
Completed Date: March 2011
Abstract: Wayanad is a fertile highland of blessed greenery in Kerala state. It is noted for its healthy environment of less atmospheric pollution compared to other parts of the state. Most of the people in Wayanad depend on agriculture for their living. However, recently, in connection with the efforts of the banana-growing farmers to realize enhanced productivity, the unscientific and increased use of harmful pesticides is noted in the district. This trend, as expected, certainly resulted in the boosted production and profound profit, but according to recent surveys, this also resulted in the tragic increase in the number of cancer patients in the district. Among the pesticides used for the purpose, carbofuran, popularly known as Furudan in the market is the major one. A systematic study regarding the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of this dangerous pesticide residues remaining in the soil and leaching to water and the factors responsible for this has not been carried out so far. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to detect and estimate the amount of the carbofuran in the banana planted soil and water of Wayanad district. The locations for the collection of the soil samples were selected on the basis of two factors such as the extent of the use of the pesticide and the type of the soil; of varying physico chemical properties. The most polluted regions of Wayanad district such as Vengoor of Sulthan Bathery Panchayath, Varayal of Muttil Panchayathu and Periya, Thavinjal and Alattil of Mananthavady taluk are therefore selected for the present study. The use of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) for the purpose was highlighted. Extraction and quantification of pesticide residues from the soil was carried out by using optimized cleaning procedures and concentration methods using HPLC. Most of the soil samples contained carbofuran in varying concentrations. The recovery of carbofuran from the soil varied from 11.7 to 43.76 mg/L. The amount of carbofuran retained
Pagination: 121p.
Appears in Departments:School of Environmental Sciences

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01_title.pdfAttached File36.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_dedication.pdf46.02 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_declaration.pdf56.57 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_certificates.pdf113.82 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_acknowledgements.pdf49.67 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_abstract.pdf77.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_preface.pdf32.56 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_contents.pdf89.88 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_list of tables.pdf74.31 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_list of figures.pdf78.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_list of chemical structure and equotions.pdf23.13 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 1.pdf226.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 2.pdf466.35 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 3.pdf116.74 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_chapter 4.pdf155.43 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_chapter 5.pdf334.5 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_chapter 6.pdf359.39 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
18_conclusion.pdf34.03 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
19_publications.pdf2.27 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

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