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Title: Studies of solute solvent interactions
Researcher: Umaima Gazal
Guide(s): Riyazuddeen
Keywords: Chemistry
solute solvent interactions
Upload Date: 12-Nov-2013
University: Aligarh Muslim University
Completed Date: n.d.
Abstract: Densities (and#961;) and speeds of sound (u) have been measured of (L-leucine / L-isoleucine / L-glutamine / L-alanine / glycylglycine + 0.512 aqueous K2SO4 / KNO3) solutions as a function of molal concentration of amino acid / peptide at different temperatures: (298.15, 303.15, 308.15, 313.15, 318.15 and 323.15) K. The measured density values exhibit usual increasing trend with an increase in molal concentration of solutions and decreasing trend with an increase in temperature for the systems under investigation. Using density data, the apparent molar volumes ( ) and the partial molar volumes ( ) of L-leucine, L-isoleucine, L-glutamine, L-alanine and glycylglycine in 0.512 aqueous K2SO4 / KNO3 solutions have been calculated. The observed values of the studied amino acid / peptide in said aqueous electrolyte solutions have been found to be positive and larger in magnitude than those of corresponding values in aqueous medium. The larger values of of L-leucine / L-isoleucine / L-glutamine / L-alanine / glycylglycine in 0.512 mol kg-1 aqueous K2SO4 / in 0.512 mol kg-1 aqueous KNO3 solutions than the corresponding values in aqueous medium have been ascribe to the following interactions occuring in solutions: newline(i) ion-ion interactions between the K+, SO42-, NO3- ions and (COO- , NH3+) newlinezwitterionic end groups (ii) ion-hydrophilic interactions between ions and hydrophilic groups (-CONH2-, CONH) of amino acid / peptide (iii) ion-non polar group interactions occurring between ions and the non-polar groups newline(-CH2 / -CH3) of amino acid / peptide. The trends of variations of values of L-leucine / L-isoleucine / L-glutamine / L-alanine / glycylglycine in 0.512 aqueous K2SO4 or 0.512 aqueous KNO3 solutions is found to be as: L-leucine gt L-isoleucine gt L-glutamine gt glycylglycine gt L-alanine newlineThe transfer partial molar volumes of L-leucine / L-isoleucine / L-glutamine / L-alanine / glycylglycine from water to 0.512 aqueous K2SO4 / KNO3 solutions have been calculated. The and#8710;tr values of L-l
Pagination: 223p.
Appears in Departments:Department of Chemistry

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01_certificate.pdfAttached File6.37 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_dedicate.pdf4.6 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_acknowledgements.pdf93.24 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_contents.pdf86.3 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_abstract.pdf215.41 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_introduction.pdf321.84 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_expirimental.pdf162.31 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_chapter 1.pdf705.63 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 2.pdf1.21 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 3.pdf679.24 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 4.pdf692.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_references.pdf142.24 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_publications.pdf505.34 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_appendix.pdf219.8 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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