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Title: New studies on the versatile roles of Polyaniline and its composites in polymer based optoelectronic and energy storage devices
Researcher: Anand, P.B
Guide(s): Dr. S. Jayalekshmi
Keywords: Conducting Polymers
Nonlinear Optics
Rechargeable Li-ion Cells
X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRD
University: Cochin University of Science and Technology
Completed Date: 07/08/2015
Abstract: From the early stages of the twentieth century, polyaniline (PANI), a well-known and extensively studied conducting polymer has captured the attention of scientific community owing to its interesting electrical and optical properties. Starting from its structural properties, to the currently pursued optical, electrical and electrochemical properties, extensive investigations on pure PANI and its composites are still much relevant to explore its potentialities to the maximum extent. The synthesis of highly crystalline PANI films with ordered structure and high electrical conductivity has not been pursued in depth yet. Recently, nanostructured PANI and the nanocomposites of PANI have attracted a great deal of research attention owing to the possibilities of applications in optical switching devices, optoelectronics and energy storage devices. newlineThe work presented in the thesis is centered around the realization of highly conducting and structurally ordered PANI and its composites for applications mainly in the areas of nonlinear optics and electrochemical energy storage. Out of the vast variety of application fields of PANI, these two areas are specifically selected for the present studies, because of the following observations. The non-linear optical properties and the energy storing properties of PANI depend quite sensitively on the extent of conjugation of the polymer structure, the type and concentration of the dopants added and the type and size of the nano particles selected for making the nanocomposites. The first phase of the work is devoted to the synthesis of highly ordered and conducting films of PANI doped with various dopants and the structural, morphological and electrical characterization followed by the synthesis of metal nanoparticles incorporated PANI samples and the detailed optical characterization in the linear and nonlinear regimes. newlineThe second phase of the work comprises the investigations on the prospects of PANI in realizing polymer based rechargeable lithium ion cells with the inherent structits tunable electrical conducting properties and the availability of cost effective precursor materials for its synthesis. newlineThe performance of a battery depends significantly on the characteristics of its integral parts, the cathode, anode and the electrolyte, which in turn depend on the materials used. Many research groups are involved in developing new electrode and electrolyte materials to enhance the overall performance efficiency of the battery. Currently explored electrolytes for Li ion battery applications are in liquid or gel form, which makes well-defined sealing essential. The use of solid electrolytes eliminates the need for containment of liquid electrolytes, which will certainly simplify the cell design and improve the safety and durability. The other advantages of polymer electrolytes include dimensional stability, safety and the ability to prevent lithium dendrite formation. One of the ultimate aims of the present work is to realize all solid state, flexible and environment friendly Li-ion cells with high specific capacity and excellent cycling stability. Part of the present work is hence focused on identifying good polymer based solid electrolytes essential for realizing all solid state polymer based Li ion cells. newlineThe present work is an attempt to study the versatile roles of polyaniline in two different fields of technological applications like nonlinear optics and energy storage. Conducting form of doped PANI films with good extent of crystallinity have been realized using a level surface assisted casting method in addition to the generally employed technique of spin coating. Metal nanoparticles embedded PANI offers a rich source for nonlinear optical studies and hence gold and silver nanoparticles have been used for making the nanocomposites in bulk and thin film forms. These PANI nanocomposites are found to exhibit quite dominant third order optical non-linearity. The highlight of these studies is the observation of the interesting phenomenon of the switching between saturable absorption (SA) and reverse saturable absorption (RSA) in the films of Ag/PANI and Au/PANI nanocomposites, which offers prospects of applications in optical switching.
Pagination: P:206
Appears in Departments:Department of Physics

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01_title.pdfAttached File41.66 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_ certificate.pdf303.73 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_declaration.pdf292.02 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_c0ntents.pdf374.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_synopsis.pdf376.27 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_list of publications.pdf221.08 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_chapter 1.pdf1.17 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_chapter 2.pdf1.01 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 3.pdf974.78 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 4.pdf862.23 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 5.pdf768 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 6.pdf1.25 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 7.pdf804.09 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 8.pdf1.11 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_chapter 9.pdf1.02 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_ chapter 10.pdf235.52 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_ appendix .pdf501.84 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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