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Title: Air pollution and health implications of regional electricity transfer at generational centre and design of compensation mechanism
Researcher: Nemika Relhan
Guide(s): Panwar, T S and Meeta Keswani Mehra
Keywords: Air pollution
electricity transfer
compensation mechanism
Submit Date: 9-Jan-2013
University: Teri University
Completed Date: July, 2011
Abstract: India s electricity generation is primarily from coal. As a result of interconnection of grid and establishment of pithead power plants, there has been increased electricity transfer from one region to the other. This results in imbalance of pollution loads between the communities located in generation vis-à-vis consumption region. There may be some states, which are major power generation centres and hence are facing excessive environmental degradation. On the other hand, electricity importing regions are reaping the benefits without paying proper charges for it because present tariff structure does not include the full externalities in it. The present study investigates the distributional implications in terms of air pollution loads between the electricity generation and consumption regions at the state level. It identifies the major electricity importing and exporting states in India. Next, as a case study, it estimates the health damage as a result of air pollution from thermal power plants (TPPs) located in a critically polluted region that is one of the major generator and exporter of electricity. The methodology used to estimate the health damage is based on impact pathway approach. In this method, air pollution modelling has been performed in order to estimate the gridded Particulate Matter (PM) concentration at various receptor locations in the study domain. The air quality modeling exercise helps to quantify the air pollution concentration in each grid and also apportion the contribution of power plants to the total concentration. The health impacts as a result of PM have been estimated in terms of number of mortality and morbidity cases using Concentration Response Function (CRF s) available in the literature. Mortality has been converted into Years of Life Lost (YOLL) using life expectancy table and age wise death distribution. Morbidity has been estimated in terms of number of cases with respect to various health end points.
Pagination: 189p.
Appears in Departments:Centre for Energy and Environment

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01_title.pdfAttached File578.77 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_certificates.pdf59.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_acknowledgements.pdf23.73 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_table of contents.pdf22.02 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_list of tables.pdf37.86 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_list of figures.pdf36.85 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_abstract.pdf16.73 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_chapter 1.pdf96.03 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_chapter 2.pdf34.48 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter 3.pdf313.93 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 4.pdf5.15 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 5.pdf275.84 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 6.pdf60.16 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_references.pdf1.2 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

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